Coronavirus and impact on the Indonesian economy — Coronavirus Acute Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is a virus that attacks the respiratory system. WHO announced the Covid-19 / Corona virus diase 2019 to be the official name of the Corona virus published from Wuhan, China. The name was given by WHO Director General Teddy Adhanom Ghebreyesus in Geneva, Switzerland on Tuesday, February 11, 2020. Corona virus can cause problems with the respiratory system, acute pneumonia, until death, acute bronchitis, infections in other organs, kidney failure, acute heart injury, or acute injury to the heart, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) or major inflammation of the lungs.
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In most cases, coronaviruses only cause mild to moderate respiratory infections, such as flu. However, this virus can also cause severe respiratory infections, such as pneumonia, Middle-East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). A person can get COVID-19 through various ways, namely:
- breathe air that has been contaminated with corona virus.
- holding mouth / nose without washing hands after handling / handling a person affected by covid-19.
- close contact with 19 sufferers.
- Blood transmission through the skin or opening of mucous membranes (eyes, tongue, wounds, etc.).
- Transmission from animals.
The effects of the corona / covid-19 virus are more dangerous when exposed to elderly people, pregnant women, sick people, babies, people who have a slow immune system.
Corona virus infection or COVID-19 can cause sufferers to change flu symptoms, such as fever, runny nose, cough, sore throat, and headache; or respiratory infections, such as high fever, cough with phlegm and even bleeding, difficulty breathing, and chest pain. However, in general there are 3 general facts that can indicate someone who is against the Corona virus, namely:
Fever is the body’s reaction to infection. High body temperature is one way the body’s immune system is denied infection. In Corona virus, fever can reach 38 degrees Celsius or more.
- Shortness of Breath
About 1 out of every 6 people who contract COVID-19 will be seriously ill and difficult to repair. Corona virus to watch out for. Shortness of breath resembles intense tightening in the chest, hung in the air, until feeling suffocated. Corona virus that attacks the lower respiratory system can cause this infection.
- Dry cough
Dry cough is a cough that does not cause phlegm or phlegm. Dry cough can cause fear in the throat.
According to research, symptoms of COVID-19 appear within 2 days to 2 weeks after exposure to the Corona virus. In some cases, patients can cope with aches and pains, congestion, colds, sore throat or diarrhea. Illustrations-Usually these are light and popular. However, this is a typical symptom of COVID-19.
Because there is no need for a drug / vaccine from corona to be found then the most necessary treatment for now is to relieve the symptoms that appear. Answered are:
- Giving fever and pain reliever.
- Get enough rest and stay away from others.
- Multiply mineral water.
- Take a warm shower and sleep in a humid room so it doesn’t get worse.
The most important way to prevent Covid-19 infection or Corona virus is to maintain health and hygiene. As quoted by WHO, the basic recommendation to prevent the spread of infection is to wash hands regularly with soap, cover the mouth and nose when coughing or sneeze, and cook meat and eggs until cooked. Because until now corona virus treatment is not yet available, it is important to make efforts to prevent corona virus from now on. What can we do?
- Do not travel to other countries infected with the virus.
- Avoid traveling to public places that are crowded with visitors.
- Use a mask when on the move in public places or crowds, usually N95 type masks can ward off viruses when leaving the house.
- Be sure to always wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water.
- Wash your hands regularly with soap and water or hand sanitizer containing at least 60% alcohol after doing activities outside the home or in public places.
- Do not eat wild animals, especially those that are suspected of spreading the virus.
- Avoid contact with wild animals. If forced, make sure to wash your hands thoroughly afterwards.
- Cook all the meat until completely cooked before consumption.
- Cover mouth and nose when sneezing. Can use cloth, tissue or inner elbows to prevent the virus from spreading.
- Avoid contact with people who are sick and suspect corona.
- Do not touch the eyes, mouth, nose and open mucous membranes before washing hands.
- Continue to maintain the cleanliness of the surrounding environment.
- Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze, then throw the tissue in the trash.
- Avoid being close to people who are sick with a fever, cough, or runny nose.
- Keep clean objects that are often touched and environmental cleanliness.
- dress closed to avoid the virus that spreads in the air.
Covid-19 is also very focused on the tourism sector. Data from the Central Statistics Agency (BPS) shows that tourists from China reached 2.07 million in 2019, which included 12.8 percent of total foreign tourists throughout 2019. The distribution of Covid-19 tourist users visiting Indonesia will increase. Supporting tourism sectors such as hotels, restaurants or retail entrepreneurs will also support the presence of Covid-19. Hotel Occupancy is decreasing to 40 percent which is increasing in business hotels. Lonely tourists also consider restaurants or restaurants, where most consumers are tourists. Weakening tourism also impacts the retail industry. The most affected retail sectors are Manado, Bali, Riau Islands, Bangka Belitung, Medan and Jakarta. The spread of Covid-19 also has an impact on the micro, small and medium business sector (MSMEs) because tourists who come to a destination will usually buy souvenirs. If tourists visit less, the MSME turnover will also decrease. Based on Bank Indonesia’s data, in 2016 the MSME sector won business units in Indonesia and micro-businesses that absorb a lot of labor.
Some steps taken by Indonesia in the battle of Covid-19 are the reduction of the BI 7-Day Reverse Repo Rate (BI7DRR) by 25 bps to 4.75%, the Deposit Facility interest rate by 25 bps to 4.00% and the Loan Facility interest rate by 25 bps to 5.50%. This policy was carried out to encourage the momentum of domestic economic growth amid the global economic recovery supported by Covid-19. Bank Indonesia will pay close attention to developments in the global and domestic economy to secure in order to maintain and control the momentum of economic growth (www.bi.go.id).