What is Domains, subdomains and types domain – what is a domain? Basically a domain or domain name is assumed to be a physical address. For example, satellite navigation requires street names or postal codes to allow the system to provide directions. Similarly, a web browser that requires a domain name to direct you or visitors to the website domains and subdomains.
What is Domains ?
Domain is a unique address / name that will take you to the website that you are aiming for by using a unique ip and code. With so many websites spread on the internet, memorizing a combination of numbers is certainly very difficult.
Domain consists of 2 parts, namely domain name and domain extension, for example mousmedia.net the word “mousmedia” is the domain name and “.net” is the domain extension. Provisions to make a domain name are domain names not yet registered on the internet and are only allowed to use letters, numbers and connecting lines.
All domain name registrations will be managed by ICANN.
ICANN / Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers is an organization that regulates domain naming policies and organizes all DNS servers on the internet.
What is Subdomain ?
Subdomains are children of your domain. Usually, the subdomain will contain words or names that are more specific to your entire website. Example: theme.mousmedia.net. The word “theme” in front is a subdomain and “mousmedia” is called a domain while “.net” is the extension.
Subdomains are usually used so that the content inside is not mixed with the main content of the website owned by the user. With this subdomain, you will not be confused placing articles without damaging the aesthetics of your online store.
Not only is it useful for separating special content from your main domain, subdomains have other benefits. The uses of subdomains include:
- Search engines see subdomains as unique websites that are not linked to your main domain. This means, your subdomain ranking can also go up and explore the main domain. Of course, this means you can move down competitor websites.
- If used correctly, subdomains can also be immediately indexed quickly and benefit from the main domain.
In addition to subdomains, domains are also generally divided into three categories, namely Top Level Domains, Second Level Domains, and Third Level Domains.
TLD ( Top Level Domain )
In fact, the Top Level Domain is a domain extension that is behind the website name. TLD itself is an extension that is already very popular. Among them, .com, .net, .gov, .org and others. Many prefer to use the Top Level Domain for various reasons. One of them is because it’s easier to remember and more common.
Each TLD / Top Level Domain can actually give an idea, what is the content of the site. Some examples of TLDs and their designations are as follows :
- .com: used for sites or commercial or corporate websites.
- .net: used for networking sites or websites
- .biz: used for business sites or websites
- .info: used for information sites or websites
- .org: used for websites or organizational websites
- .tv: used for television sites or websites
- .edu: used for educational sites or websites
- .pro: used for professional websites or websites
- .Edu: used for educational sites or websites and is limited to education.
- .Mil: used for sites or websites of armed or military angkata.
- .travel: used for Tourism Business websites or websites.
Second Level Domain (SLD)
SLD domain name is a name that my friend registered, Example SLD domain name for the website www.mousmedia.net Second Level The domain is “mousmedia”.
Third Level Domain
Domain Third Level Domain is a domain name that you can give before TLS and SLD, for example, you want to create a web for email purposes, it is in the front of the unity of the domain name URL that you have. For example, “www.mousmedia.net“, then this “www” is categorized as Third Level Domain.
Country Code Top Level Domain
The domain will carry the identity of the country and show that the contents of the website are intended for people who are in the country, such as the domain with the initials ending in the country. Id, .sg, .au.
Examples of Using Top Level Domain Country Codes:
- .cn: used for sites or websites in China
- .id: used for sites or websites in Indonesia
- .my: used for sites or websites in Malaysia
- .sg: used for sites or websites in the country of Singapore
- .uk: used for sites or websites in the United States
Some country domains in Indonesia :
- .ac.id: used for sites or websites of academic institutions in Indonesia
- .go.id: used for websites or websites of government organizations in Indonesia
- .co.id: used for sites or websites of commercial companies in Indonesia
- .web.id: used by Indonesian individuals and organizations.
- .gov.id: used for Government websites or websites.
What is Addon Domain ?
Domain addons are domains that are added after you have a primary domain. However, the addon domain does not work like a subdomain. If the subdomain still uses your primary domain name, the domain addon can become an independent domain with very different content. This domain will go to the sub-directory in your public_html web hosting folder.
Even so, your second website visitor might not realize if the domain is an addon domain. This is because it looks like a website with a separate domain.
For example, if mousmedia.net is an addon domain from mousmedia.com, the mousmedia.net folder will be in mousmedia.net’s public_html folder. However, the content on mousmedia.net can be very different from the main domain.